Has the CrossFit Open Entered a New Era?
The 2022 Open has now come and gone, and with it many changes to what we are typically used to in terms of Open programming. This shouldn’t be entirely surprising as we are still in only the second year of a new format for the season as a whole, including the new Quarterfinals stage, and we are still learning how these pieces all fit together.
However, now that we’ve seen the full slate of workouts there are certain questions that feel like they need to be asked, all of which ultimately lead to the larger question of whether the 2022 Open programming suggests that the Open might not be what it once was.
Observable, measurable, repeatable
One of the foundational elements of CrossFit as a methodology was that Greg Glassman assigned definitions to terms that were previously undefined, and made a point to create a testing system that was observable, measurable, and repeatable; it’s why benchmark workouts were created. And, in the case of the Open, it’s been one of the tenants since the second year of Open workouts when the concept of a repeat workout was introduced in the form of 12.5 (and in every iteration of the Open since then) until this year. A repeat workout has been present and subsequently has been perhaps the best opportunity for us, as a community, to maintain this original, foundational part of what the CrossFit methodology is.
The repeat workout as a part of the Open is often one of the biggest topics of communication and excitement. But it’s also an integral part of being able to apply science to fitness with concrete examples of individuals and the community as a whole improving upon a previous version of itself. Its omission from the 2022 Open is a major deviation from what those who have been doing the Open for a long time look forward to, but it’s only the first of several things that are uniquely different about this Open than all previous years.
Monostructural, Weightlifting, Gymnastics
One of CrossFit’s suggestions in finding balanced programming is to check the number of monostructural, weightlifting and gymnastics movements in the totality of the test or competition. It’s not a perfect formula, no one expects all three to be evenly distributed, but when evaluating the slate of tests it is something any programmer would look at as one of several ways to make sure they’re testing is balanced.
Noteworthy 2022 Open Numbers:
- 108 double unders as the only monostructural element of the entire test
- Very low volume of skills tested (18 chest to bars? Pull ups for the first time?)
- 54 reps of gymnastics in the last workout (in total)
- Offset by an average of about 8 rounds of 12 db snatch (96 reps) in 22.1
- and an average of 60 deadlifts in 22.2
The high rep gymnastics movements this year (box jump overs, burpees over the bar, and wall walks to a degree) could be interpreted as one of two things:
- either the balance to the high rep weightlifting movements, or
- aerobic enough in nature to make up for the nearly complete lack of monostructural elements in this year’s Open.
The History of Monostructural Movements in the Open
- Double unders have been in every Open
- Rowing was introduced to the Open in 2014
- It has been in every Open until 2022
- This meant we always had a minimum of two monostructural movements
It’s normal for a competition to have the fewest number of monostructural implements in the competition (relative to weightlifting and gymnastics which have many more movements to choose from), but they do often have as many ‘M’ movements that are at their disposal given the venue. 108 Double Unders in the dose they were given is not sufficient as the only ‘M’ in the entire Open.
No Olympic Lifting
- Barbell Snatching has been in eight Opens
- Barbell Clean has been in seven Opens
- Clean and Jerk has been in five Opens
- Olympic lifting had been in every Open until 2022
|2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019||2020||2021||2022||Total||% Of Opens (Through 2021)|
|Toes to Bar||11.5||12.3||13.4||14.4||15.1||16.2||17.2||18.1||19.2||20.2||21.3||11|
|Chest to Bar||11.6||12.5||13.5||14.2||15.2||16.1||17.3||18.5||19.5||21.3||22.3||10|
|Ring Muscle Up||11.4||12.4||13.3||14.4||15.3||18.3||20.5||NA||7|
|Row (for cals)||14.4||15.5||16.4||17.4||18.1||19.1||20.5||NA||7|
|*Burpee Over Bar||11.4||14.5||16.1/5||18.2||19.4||20.1||22.2||6|
|Bar Muscle Up||16.3||17.2||18.3||19.4||21.3||22.3||5|
|Clean and Jerk||11.3||13.4||20.4||3|
|Single-Arm DB Hang Clean and Jerk||18.1||1|
|DB Front Squat||18.2||NA||1|
|1RM Clean and Jerk||15.1a||1|
|Barbell Overhead Lunge||16.1||1|
|DB Overhead Lunge||19.3||1|
|BB Ground To OH||20.1||1|
Olympic Lifting is a massive component of the CrossFit methodology. It’s difficult to see the omission of it from the Open for the first time ever as anything other than a miss by CrossFit on the programming front. The Open is predictable in many ways, and that’s okay. Everyone knows the community loves a heavy barbell, and if you aren’t going to test something heavy, at least give us some Olympic barbell cycling.
To give a counterexample, there was another movement omitted from the Open this year which had been in every previous Open, toes to bar. And that is perfectly acceptable, and actually good. Those are the unexpected elements of the Open that make it fun every year. I can hear people talking about it now in the week leading up to 22.3:
“So you think the gymnastics will be toes to bar?”
“Yeah, they’ve been in every Open! …. Unless, maybe this is the year they leave them out…”
But, there’s a big difference between toes to bar, and Olympic lifting. Olympic lifting is such an incredible thing to be able to do. Because of CrossFit, millions of people you or I would otherwise never suspect of, can pull their own body weight from the floor and put it over their head in one or two fluid motions. I don’t need to elaborate on how integral Olympic lifting is to the CrossFit community. Toes to bar doesn’t hold the same weight, sorry toes to bar.
It seems minor compared to some of the other things on this list, but the omission of a heavy element altogether is another stark deviation from what we’re used to in the Open.
And before we go any further, let me remind you that according to CrossFit’s own methodology what qualifies as heavy is something that can be done for five to seven reps with moderate rest in between. Not 100 times in 10:00.
- 2021: 1 RM Complex
- 2020: Deadlifts at 315
- 2019: Squat Clean Ladder ending at bars of 275 and then 315
- 2018: 1 RM Clean
- 2017: Snatch Ladder ending at bars of 245 and then 265
- 2016: Squat Clean Ladder ending at bars of 275 and then 315
- 2015: 1 RM Clean and Jerk
- 2014: Deadlifts ending at 315 and then 365
- 2013: Snatches ending at 210 lbs… this is the last time we could potentially argue there wasn’t a heavy implement in the Open
Minimal time domain
A large majority of Open registrants did not finish 22.2 before the timecap. The same is projected to be true for 22.3 That means the time domains for the three workouts were:
- 15:00 (22.1)
- 10:00 (22.2)
- 12:00 (22.3)
Five minutes? That’s the entire range of tests that were given… and speaking of that…
Is three tests enough?
This question can be asked with regards to three different things:
- Are three tests enough to qualify a group of athletes for the next stage of competition?
- Are three tests enough to be the test we encourage hundreds of thousands to sign up for each year as a benchmark for their fitness?
- Is three tests enough to justify those hundreds of thousands of registering for the competition and giving their $20 to CrossFit?
Until the 2021 season, the Open had always been at least five weeks and consisted of at least five scored events. Both of those things changed in 2021. The Open was reduced to three weeks, but as a consolation for that we were given two separately scored events on the final week (22.3 and 22.4).
To see the total number of tests now reduced all the way to three this year has to be discussed. The original CrossFit Games was three tests. That was changed immediately the following year and we’ve never gone back to it. It was a great test, but it was obvious more tests would provide more fitness because more of a range of time domains, movement patterns, and more specifically movement pattern combinations could be tested.
So to see this year’s Open have:
- The fewest tests ever since the 2007 CrossFit Games (the first ever “in season” event)
- No repeat workout
- No Olympic lifting
- No significant monostructural movements
- Nothing heavy
- Nearly identical movement patterns tested in two of the three workouts
- And to have the narrowest margin of timecaps in Open history makes it far too many things that are either deviations from some of CrossFit’s original core principles, or notably different from what the Open has regularly been, or both. And because of that, we have to ask this question
Has CrossFit changed their course?
However, we must not forget that we only have a glimpse of the season so far, and the Games team has a much larger view. So have they simply changed their course?
Stay tuned for Quarterfinals, because the programming for this newest stage of the competitive season will be a major clue into exactly what the Open represents now.